The expulsion of Jews from Castile and Aragon in 1492 and from Portugal in 1497 was the culmination of a long history of forced expulsions throughout Christian Europe. During the medieval period, Jews were sporadically expelled from various regions, sometimes repeatedly.
In France, Jews were expelled multiple times i.e. 1182, 1306, 1311, 1327, and 1394. Jews were also expelled from Gascony in 1287, from Anjou in 1289, from Maine in 1289, and from England in 1290.
In the 15th century, Jews were banished from various German-speaking areas including Linz in 1421, Vienna in 1421, Cologne in 1424, Dresden in 1430, Speyer in 1435, Augsburg in 1440, Bavaria in 1442 and 1450, Erfurt in 1458, Mainz in 1470, from Bamberg in 1478, Würzburg in 1488, from Heilbronn in 1490, Mecklenburg in 1492, from Pomerania in 1492, Halle in 1493, Magdeburg in 1493, from Lower Austria in 1496, in Carinthia in 1496, from Styria in 1496, Nuremberg in 1499, and Ulm in 1499.
In Swiss regions, Jews were expelled from Geneva in 1490. In the Italian Peninsula, Jews were expelled from Perugia in 1485, from Vicenza in 1486, Parma in 1488, from Lucca in 1489, Milan in 1489, from Florence in 1494, and from Naples in 1496.
The islands of the Mediterranean also saw expulsions do their relationship with the kingdom of Aragon. Sardinia expelled Jews in 1492 and and Sicily expelled Jews in 1492.
By Rabbi Juan Bejarano-Gutierrez the director of the B’nei Anusim Center for Education and author of What is Kosher?